TITLE 16†††††††††††† OCCUPATIONAL AND PROFESSIONAL LICENSING
CHAPTER 22†††† PSYCHOLOGISTS AND PSYCHOLOGIST ASSOCIATES
PART 3†††††††††††††††† NON-LICENSED DOCTORAL STUDENTS, PSYCHOLOGY INTERNS AND POST-
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† DOCTORAL TRAINEES; NON LICENSED EMPLOYEES AND AGENTS
188.8.131.52†††††††††††††† ISSUING AGENCY:† Regulation and Licensing Department, New Mexico State Board of Psychologist Examiners.
[184.108.40.206 NMAC - Rp, 220.127.116.11 NMAC, 11/15/2006]
18.104.22.168†††††††††††††† SCOPE:† This part applies to the board, licensees, doctoral students in psychology, psychology interns, unlicensed individuals acquiring post-doctoral experience under supervision, applicants for licensure, non-licensed employees or agents of licensees, and the general public.
[22.214.171.124 NMAC - Rp, 126.96.36.199 NMAC, 11/15/2006; A, 7/1/2018]
188.8.131.52†††††††††††††† STATUTORY AUTHORITY:† This part is adopted pursuant to the Professional Psychologist act, Section 61-9-6, 61-9-8, 61-9-16 NMSA 1978.† Part 3 is authorized by Section 10-15-1.C NMSA 1978 (1993 Repl.)
[184.108.40.206 NMAC - Rp, 220.127.116.11 NMAC, 11/15/2006]
18.104.22.168†††††††††††††† DURATION:† Permanent.
[22.214.171.124 NMAC - Rp, 126.96.36.199 NMAC, 11/15/2006]
188.8.131.52†††††††††††††† EFFECTIVE DATE:† November 15, 2006, unless a later date is cited at the end of a section.
[184.108.40.206 NMAC - Rp, 220.127.116.11 NMAC, 11/15/2006]
18.104.22.168†††††††††††††† OBJECTIVE:† The objectives of this part are to:
††††††††††††††† A.††††††††††† set forth the limitations and conditions on the practice of psychology that apply to students while supervised in a course of study at a school or college, non-licensed persons who practice under supervision in order to satisfy the requirements for licensure, and non-licensed staff or employees of licensees; and
††††††††††††††† B.††††††††††† establish the extent that licensees who supervise or sponsor non-licensed persons are responsible for the conduct of the non-licensed person.
[22.214.171.124 NMAC - Rp, 126.96.36.199 NMAC, 11/15/2006; A, 7/1/2018]
188.8.131.52†††††††††††††† DEFINITIONS:† [RESERVED]
[Refer to 184.108.40.206 NMAC]
220.127.116.11†††††††††††††† NON-LICENSED PERSONS:
††††††††††††††† A.††††††††††† Limits of practice.† Unless licensed by the board or exempted from licensure as provided in the act, no non-licensed person shall render, perform, or offer to render or perform psychological services except as provided under this part.† The provisions of this part shall be strictly construed to ensure that the public is adequately protected from the practice of psychology by unqualified persons.
††††††††††††††† B.††††††††††† Required consent by patient or client.† Except for normal office management, administrative, and secretarial support roles and functions, the patient or client shall be fully informed of the tasks and assignments performed by non-licensed persons.† The supervisor shall obtain informed consent as appropriate when non-licensed persons will have access to confidential patient or client information or if other non-licensed persons are or will be performing or rendering psychological services under supervision.
††††††††††††††† C.††††††††††† Non-licensed employees or staff.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (1)†††††††††† A licensed psychologist may employ office staff or agents to perform nonprofessional office management, administrative, and secretarial duties and functions.† The licensee shall make every effort to ensure that the office staff is trained in a protect patient or client confidential information.† The psychologist shall be responsible for any breach of confidentiality by his employees or staff.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (2)†††††††††† A licensed psychologist may employ qualified non-licensed persons to administer and score psychological tests or gather historical data from patients or clients.† The employee shall work under the psychologistís direct supervision.† The psychologist is ultimately responsible for the accuracy and competent administration, scoring and interpretation of tests and data.
[18.104.22.168 NMAC - Rp, 22.214.171.124 NMAC, 11/15/2006]
126.96.36.199†††††††††††††† SUPERVISION OF NON LICENSED PERSONS:
††††††††††††††† A.††††††††††† Responsibility of supervisors and violations.†† The supervisor shall not assist a non-licensed person in the performance of any activity that constitutes the practice of psychology except as allowed by this part.† A supervisor shall have functional authority over and professional responsibility for the work of the non-licensed person.† A supervisor who assists a non-licensed person in the practice of psychology in violation of this part, by acts of omission or commission, or who provides inadequate supervision over a non-licensed person is subject to disciplinary action.† The grounds for disciplinary action may include, without limitation, aiding and abetting the practice of psychology by a non-licensed person; incompetent practice of psychology; willful or negligent violation of the act; allowing the supervisorís name or license to be used in connection with a non-licensee who performs psychological services outside of the area of the non-licensed personís training, experience, or competency; or abandonment of the patient or client.
††††††††††††††† B.††††††††††† Qualifications of supervisors.† The supervisor shall be a licensed psychologist.† The supervisor shall have training or experience in the specific area of practice being supervised.† The supervisor may assign non-licensed persons to other qualified specialists under the supervisorís authority for specific skill training.† The other specialist shall have a clearly established practice and shall possess demonstrable teaching skills.† The supervisor shall limit the number of non-licensed persons under supervision, taking into account the requirements of the supervisorís principal work or practice and clinical responsibilities, to ensure that the supervision provided and the practice are consistent with professional standards.† The supervisor shall not supervise an applicant who is a member of the supervisorís immediate or extended family, who has a financial interest in the supervisorís business or practice, or with whom the supervisor has a dual relationship.
††††††††††††††† C.††††††††††† Duties of the supervisor.† The supervisor has the following duties to his patients or clients, the non-licensed person, and the public.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (1)†††††††††† The supervisor has ultimate responsibility to the patient or client for all professional psychological services rendered, whether rendered by the supervisor or the non-licensed person.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (a)†††††††††† The supervisor shall ensure that the patient or client knows the supervisory status of the non-licensed person and that consent is obtained.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (b)†††††††††† The supervisor shall ensure that the patient or client understands the possibility that a third-party payor may not reimburse for services rendered by the non-licensed person.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (c)†††††††††† The supervisor shall ensure that the patient or client is aware of the non-licensed personís qualifications and functions.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (d)†††††††††† The supervisor shall be available to patients or clients, shall be available to the non-licensed person for professional guidance and direction and intervention as needed, and shall be responsible for proper record-keeping and proper documentation in the patient's or clientís case file, progress notes, or medical record.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (2)†††††††††† Unless the applicant holds an independent mental health license issued by the New Mexico counseling and therapy practice board or is an independent social worker licensed by the New Mexico board of social work examiners, the supervisor shall be responsible for billing for services and receipt or collection of payment.† Bills, statements, invoices, or requests for payment in any form shall accurately and clearly identify the work performed and by whom.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (3)†††††††††† The supervisor maintains ultimate responsibility for and has an ongoing duty to actively supervise the non-licensed personís work performance and conduct to ensure adherence to the act and to board regulations.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (4)†††††††††† The supervisor shall ensure that a non-licensed person for whose work the supervisor is responsible does not engage in any activity, which, if engaged in by the supervisor, would constitute a violation of the act or the board regulations.† The supervisor shall ensure, for example, that the non-licensed person:
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (a)†††††††††† does not engage in a dual relationship;
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (b)†††††††††† preserves the confidentiality of patient or client information;
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (c)†††††††††† does not misrepresent his status, credentials, or qualifications to the patient or client or to others;
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (d)†††††††††† does not mislead others or misrepresent his status to collect fees for services; and
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (e)†††††††††† does not abuse drugs, substances, or alcohol to an extent or manner that endangers himself or another or impairs his ability to perform the duties required.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (5)†††††††††† The supervisor shall ensure that the non-licensed person works within his area of training, education, and competence.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (6)†††††††††† The supervisor shall adequately monitor the work of the non-licensed person to the extent necessary to protect the welfare of the patient or client.† The supervisor shall ensure that the patient or client is properly evaluated and treated.† The supervisor shall assess the skills and functioning of the non-licensed person on an ongoing basis to ensure that the non-licensed person is acting within his area of training, education, and competence.† The supervisor shall prepare and document the plan of supervision, if applicable.
††††††††††††††† D.††††††††††† Doctoral students under supervision.† Students enrolled in a graduate-level clinical counseling or school psychology training program who are rendering services under supervision and who have not applied for licensure are exempt from the act as specified under Section 61-9-16 NMSA 1978.† Students shall not directly charge a patient or third-party payor a fee for the services performed.† The supervisor shall accept supervisory responsibility only over students currently enrolled in a graduate-level program, who are under the auspices of a bona fide practicum or externship program with a designated faculty advisor who shall be responsible for coordinating studentsí services and training.† Students shall not render any psychological services that are not supervised by a qualified supervisor as defined in this part.
††††††††††††††† E.††††††††††† Registered psychologist interns and post-doctoral psychology trainees.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (1)†††††††††† Psychology interns and post-doctoral psychology trainees doing their training in New Mexico and who are enrolled in an approved supervision program as defined in Subsection F of 188.8.131.52 NMAC must register with the board.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (2)†††††††††† Registered psychology interns and post-doctoral psychology trainees working under approved supervision are allowed to practice psychology as specified under Section 61-9-16 NMSA 1978.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (3)†††††††††† Individuals who are enrolled in a formal internship or program or a postdoctoral supervised experience that has been accredited by a nationally recognized accreditation body will be registered based on documentation, in a manner satisfactory to the board, of enrollment in that approved training program.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (4)†††††††††† Psychology interns and post-doctoral trainees doing their training in New Mexico must apply for and receive formal approval of their training program unless they are in a formal internship program as described in Paragraph (3) of Subsection E of 184.108.40.206 NMAC and must register with the board.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (5)†††††††††† Interns and post-doctoral trainees shall not directly charge a patient or third-party payor a fee for the services performed.
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (6)†††††††††† Registration as a psychology intern or post-doctoral trainee shall be for the term of the formal internship or traineeship not to exceed two years total or as approved by the board.
[220.127.116.11 NMAC - Rp, 18.104.22.168 NMAC, 11/15/2006; A, 7/1/2018]
[22.214.171.124 NMAC - Rp, 126.96.36.199 NMAC, 11/15/06; Repealed 7/1/2018]
HISTORY OF 16.22.3 NMAC:
Pre-NMAC History:† The material in this part was derived from that previously filed with the State Records Center and Archives under:
SBPE 10, Status of Non-Certified Personnel, filed 11/15/1979.
Rule 13, Status of Non-Certified Personnel, filed 11/1/1983.
NMBPE Rule 9, Status of Non-Licensed Personnel, filed 12/28/1989.
NMBPE Rule 9, Status of Non-Licensed Personnel, filed 2/7/1990.
Rule No. 9, Status of Non-Licensed Personnel, filed 4/24/1995
History of Repealed Material:
16 NMAC 22.1, General Provisions - Repealed 4/16/2000.
16.22.3 NMAC, Non Licensed Psychologists/Applicants with an Independent Mental Health license- Repealed 11/15/2006.